K-ReaD( Kokugakuin University Researcher’s Achievement)

Takaaki DAITO
Organization for the Advancement of Research and Development
Associate Professor
Last Updated :2023/01/06

研究者基本情報

氏名

  • 氏名

    Takaaki DAITO

ホームページ・researchmap等のリンク

所属・職名

  • Organization for the Advancement of Research and Development, Associate Professor

本学就任年月日

  • 01 Apr. 2011

研究分野

  • History of Shinto, Study on Rituals Related to Shinto Deities, 神道,神仏習合,神道史,神祇史,祭礼,祭祀,神道印信類, 修正会・修二会, 神名帳,中臣祓,神道研究史

研究活動

論文

  • 3, 259, 291, Dec. 2006
  • 77, 103, Mar. 2009
  • 69, 82, Mar. 2013
  • Archiving the Collection of Festival Illustrations at Kokugakuin University, Daito Takaaki, HERITEX, 3, 248, 258, 25 Mar. 2020, Research Center for Cultural Heritage and Texts, Graduate School of Letters, Nagoya University, Kokugakuin University is one of the Very few universities in the world with a department dedicated to the study of Shinto (the Faculty of Shinto Studies). The Kokugakuin University Museum therefore contains an exhibit room devoted to Shinto, where sources related to Shinto, including its festivals, are displayed. The work of collecting and surveying these Shinto- related sources is the work of the Shinto Museum (the Academic Resource Center within the Organization for the Advancement of Research and Development at Kokugakuin University). The Shinto Museum has intermittently carried out research on illustrations depicting festivals. Most recently, the museum digitized eleven illustrated scrolls and folding screens. An analysis of illustrate of depicting festivals revealed connections with it and modem-day festivals and to the databases and documents of other institutions. In this way, documents, archives, and databases are linked together by the hands of people. Through this work, the sharing contextual and related information about both tangible and intangible  cultural heritage becomes a key task along with the construction of archives. This talk suggests that what we must do in going forward with this work is to clarify what kinds of documents and archives held by other institutions relate to the archives and databases that we ourselves have constructed, and to consider the significance of those connections.
  • The origin and composition of the "Nakatomi no Harae" in the Shuni-e ceremony held in Nigatsu-do, Todaiji: an example of the "Nakatomi no Harae" at a Nara Temple, Bulletin of the National Museum of Japanese History, 142, 193, 209, Mar. 2008, This paper uses the texts of the “Nakatomi no Harae” that are part of the Shuni-e ceremony held at Nigatsu-do at Tōdaiji as a means of investigating the origin and composition of this purification ritual. Priests who take part in the Tōdaiji Shuni-e ceremony are called Rengyoshu, and are required to remove all defilement and to purify their minds and bodies so that the ceremony can proceed without hindrance. This is done by means of a ceremony called “Bekka” which is held before the main ceremony, which currently takes place from March 1 through the early hours of March 15. On the last day of the Bekka ceremony, the last day of February, priests called Shushi perform the “Onakatomi no Harae” ceremony. The “Nakatomi no Harae” is also held at various stages in the Bekka ceremony and in the main ceremony. These purification rituals are performed in order to remove the polluted and bad condition. When the Bekka ceremony is under way, “Nakatomi no Harae” is performed at services held morning and night, after washing the face, bathing, and toileting, and before entering the Nigatsu-do everyday when the main ceremony is taking place. The Rengyoshu face their respective protective Buddhas, clap their hands, after which they perform various rites, such as the silent recitation of texts and purification of their bodies with white paper strips called “gohei”. In the “gohei”, the text which is the subject of this study is written on furled paper. In this study, the author found that the “Nakatomi no Harae” consists of four parts: 1) Hōraku for Tōdaiji Hachimangu (Tamukeyama Hachimangu); 2) Rites the same as the “Kashiwade Harae no Daiji” and the “Ise Kashiwade Harae” practised in Shingon Shinto and Shugendo; 3) Purification rituals in the form of self-purification rituals practised in Onmyodō purification rituals; 4) Purification rituals used in prayers for health and longevity that have been influenced by Yoshida Shinto. With the exception of part 2, it was not possible to determine the origins of these parts. However, it is fair to say that the texts of the “Nakatomi no Harae” were formed in their own unique way by amassing rites related to purification rituals with a number of different origins. That is to say, the structure of the “Nakatomi no Harae” is such that after the Hōraku is said for Tōdaiji Hachimangu, three purification rituals, parts 2, 3, and 4, are performed with different origins, such as Shingon Shinto, Onmyodo, and Yoshida Shinto. The creation of the unique forms in the Tōdaiji Shuni-e ceremony through the inclusion of elements from different rituals over time is evident in various parts of the Buddhist service. Even though when viewed from the perspective of the complete Tōdaiji Shuni-e ceremony the “Nakatomi no Harae” is a minor ritual, this study has found that the “Nakatomi no Harae” contains similar characteristics.

Misc

  • 40, 41, 31 Mar. 2022

講演・発表

競争的資金

  • 21H00478


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